Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine is forcing a close examination of defence and foreign policy with a focused attention on the need for Canada to have the means to play a bigger role in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and continental defence within NORAD. From a NORAD perspective, more than ever, the security of our borders and our sovereignty in the Arctic are pressing issues. The global aerospace and defence sector has been realigning dramatically to face new challenges and opportunities, first because of the COVID pandemic, and second due to the increasing global security threat. Aerospace is a unique and strategic industry. Its role in national security and special defence trading relationships, the implications of long product and investment timelines, and the broad societal impacts and applications of its space, defence and aviation innovations, have always required a close partnership between industry and government. We applaud the Canadian government’s commitment to prioritize NORAD modernization with our American ally. This represents an opportunity for government to plan and align policy with our own national security and industrial objectives to ensure that Canadian companies play a defining role in delivering capability and bolstering our arctic sovereignty. Given the nature and pace of the growing threat to national security, we are ready to work with government to find efficient ways of reducing delays in the defence procurement process. Our allies have more streamlined, predictable and supported procurement processes allowing them to more swiftly respond to global threats. The geopolitical environment is changing rapidly and requires fast-paced government action. While geopolitical tensions have been steadily mounting, Canada’s defence spending falls short of the NATO target of two per cent of GDP (Currently spending 1.39 per cent) putting us near the bottom among our allies. The U.K., as an example, spends an estimated 2.29 per cent. Across Europe, countries are boosting their defence budgets and fortifying their NATO standing. In fact, Germany has pledged to double military spending. Threats to continental security are more complex and multi-faceted than they have ever been, and the strategic environment requires a comprehensive approach. That is why Canada must increase its defence budget to meet its NATO commitment, go forward with NORAD modernization, and expedite procurement initiatives. We are encouraged by recent remarks and comments from the prime minister and defence minister that acknowledge this new defence and security landscape and future spending considerations. Canada’s aerospace industry stands ready to work with Canada’s government to leverage the strengths of our industry to help ensure our collective security. Mike Mueller President and CEO Aerospace Industries Association of Canada Ottawa, Ont.