"Malnutrition, hunger, and famine are not forces of nature. They are the result of the actions—or inactions—of all of us," said António Guterres, the United Nations secretary-general, in remarks delivered at the Food Systems Summit on Sept. 23. Canada must top up its initial investment at the Nutrition for Growth Summit on Dec. 7-8 by a minimum of $330-million over five years to reverse the unparalleled malnutrition crisis and protect the health, rights, and dignity of women and children. About $100-million of this funding should be directed to the Global Financing Facility for Women, Children, and Adolescents for optimal impact. Right now, there is an unprecedented malnutrition crisis. Two million children under five years of age in low- and middle-income countries are dying of malnutrition-related causes every year. Forty-five per cent of deaths of children under the age of five are because of malnutrition. An estimated 149 million children under the age of five are stunted because of chronic undernourishment, preventing brains, bodies, and immune systems from developing fully, resulting in lifelong disease and disability. In 2012, world leaders committed to reaching six nutrition targets by 2025; but we are way off-track, especially with the COVID-19 pandemic and the losses of businesses and employment, conflicts, climate change, and disruptions in supply chains exacerbating food insecurity. Millions more children are expected to die and be damaged by stunting. A reduction in social protection programs, essential health, and public services is having grave consequences for the most vulnerable and hard-to-reach, especially women and children. Marnie Shaw Calgary, Alta.