This election surfaced tensions that come from economic angst, racism aimed at immigrants and refugees, and a rise in populism.
Climate protesters, pictured on Sept. 27, 2019, on the Hill. Minority government can be viewed as challenging, but here’s the advantage: it necessitates compromise in order to make government work. Canadians really want government to work—not just for ourselves, for all of us. The Hill Times photograph by Andrew Meade
What can we conclude from a federal election that resulted in a minority government reflecting stark regional and, in some cases, urban/rural divides?
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'You don't stop trying to find ways of resolving differences in opinion, but I do think in this day and age you need a whole range of ways of expressing concern and trying to move opinion,' says Bob Rae.
Government House Leader Pablo Rodriguez dodged questions if the government was responsible for setting the stage for a stand-off that could trigger an election, saying the question should be asked of the Conservatives.
Global Brief magazine editor Irvin Studin says politicians and policy-makers' thinking is 'too small, it’s too linear, it’s too path dependent, and it looks increasingly absurd as these systemic crises.'
Parliamentary Budget Officer Yves Giroux says he's found it 'much more difficult to get information out of the minister’s officer' since Parliament returned with Chrystia Freeland in charge of the nation's finances.