Home Page Election 2019 News Opinion Foreign Policy Politics Policy Legislation Lobbying Hill Life & People Hill Climbers Heard On The Hill Calendar Archives Classifieds
Hill Times Events Inside Ottawa Directory Hill Times Store Hill Times Careers The Wire Report The Lobby Monitor Parliament Now
Subscribe Free Trial Reuse & Permissions Advertising
Log In
Global

Mali mission is more modern colonialism than altruism

By Scott Taylor      

There are political and domestic economic reasons for Canada to get its hands dirty in an ongoing UN mission.

A Canadian Griffon aircrew member deployed in Mali flies back to the Canadians' Camp Castor base from Kidal, Mali, on Sept. 13. Department of National Defence photograph by Cpl. Ken Beliwicz
Share a story
The story link will be added automatically.

OTTAWA—A Canadian Press news story last week about Canada’s United Nations peacekeeping mission to Mali said an internal UN report noted that the violence level in that war-torn West African nation has actually increased since Canadian troops first deployed in June.

Probably even the most self-delusional of Canada’s defence pundits would have realized that the comparative handful of troops and equipment that we have committed—four Chinook heavy-lift helicopters, four Griffon utility helicopters, and approximately 250 mostly Air Force personnel—weren’t going to tip the balance in Mali as soon as they arrived on the ground.

This current flare-up of violence in Mali ignited in 2012. The UN stood up the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in 2013. There are a total of 56 nations contributing nearly 15,500 personnel to this peacekeeping mission, which is considered to be the most dangerous of all current UN operations.

Canada’s military role in cooling down this complex conflict—with its core issues of dispute dating back centuries—is simply to provide medical evacuations for the UN force. This means that no one should expect our contribution to affect either the tactical or strategic outlook in Mali.

What Canada’s one-year commitment to Mali does achieve is a high-profile, relatively low-risk demonstration of the Trudeau Liberal government’s promise to return our nation to the good old days of peacekeeping in blue helmets, under the UN flag.

On a more practical note, it could be said that Canada has a vested interest in protecting the Canadian mining assets in Mali. A bit of quick research reveals that there are a dozen or more Canadian companies involved in extracting Malian gold, the largest of which is a firm called Iamgold.

The revenue from Mali’s gold production represents roughly eight per cent of that impoverished state’s economy. The Malian government is partnered with international mining companies, and it receives approximately 18 per cent of the gross revenue. When you factor in the infrastructure and labour costs disbursed in Mali and the actual extraction of this valuable commodity, about 40 per cent of all revenue remains in the country.

That means that 60 per cent of Mali’s gold returns, or 4.8 per cent of that nation’s gross domestic product, flow out as profit to international mining companies and their investors. In the case of Iamgold, its two shared mine holdings produce roughly half of all Mali’s gold annually.

Coincidently, investors in Iamgold include Canadian public pension funds. This means that Canadians will benefit from maintaining the status quo in Mali, so long as Canada secures these lucrative mining interests.

However, the idea that Canada is sucking profits out of a struggling country in Africa is certainly not how this mission is being billed.

On the contrary, Canadians are being led to believe that this is part of some altruistic effort to bring peace and stability to a poor African nation that could use a helping hand.

On the domestic front, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the Liberals can point to the 250 blue helmets shining under the Malian sun and proclaim their 2015 election promise of a return to peacekeeping to have been fulfilled (just in time to enter the 2019 election campaign).

Sending troops to Africa with the purpose of securing mining profits from the exploitation of the nation’s natural resource (and to shore up Canadian government coffers in the form of public pension funds) sounds so much more like modern colonialism.

Scott Taylor is the editor and publisher of Esprit de Corps magazine.

The Hill Times

Explore, analyze, understand
Democracy, Terrorism and Killer Robots: Embassy News covers the 2015 Halifax International Security Forum
The Halifax International Security Forum is one of the world’s biggest gatherings of defence and security leaders.

Get the book
Inside Ottawa Directory – 2019 Edition
The handy reference guide includes: riding profiles, MPs by province, MP contact details, both Hill and constituency and more.

Get the book
Spinning History: A Witness to Harper’s Canada and 21st Century choices
An unvarnished look at the Harper years and what lies ahead for Canadians

Get the book
Related Policy Briefings
Defence Policy Briefing
Short and informative analyses on policy challenges that bring background and recommendations to policymakers, journalists and the general public.

Read policy briefing
Biotech Policy Briefing
Short and informative analyses on policy challenges that bring background and recommendations to policymakers, journalists and the general public.

Read policy briefing
Environment
Short and informative analyses on policy challenges that bring background and recommendations to policymakers, journalists and the general public.

Read policy briefing

Politics This Morning

Get the latest news from The Hill Times

Politics This Morning


Your email has been added. An email has been sent to your address, please click the link inside of it to confirm your subscription.

McKenna wins re-election in Ottawa Centre, trumpets voters’ support for climate fight

News|By Neil Moss
'I’m so relieved,' Catherine McKenna said, about continuing with the Liberal climate change plan.

Election 2019 was a ‘campaign of fear,’ say pollsters

'There may well be a message to this to the main parties, that slagging each other will only take you so far,' says Greg Lyle.

Election 2019 campaign one of the most ‘uninspiring, disheartening, and dirtiest’ in 40 years, says Savoie

News|By Abbas Rana
Green Party Leader Elizabeth May says she has never seen an election where mudslinging overwhelmingly dominated the campaign, leaving little or no time for policy discussion.

Strategic voting to determine if Liberals will form government, say political players

News|By Abbas Rana
As many as nine per cent of progressive voters could vote strategically in this close election potentially affecting the outcome in more than 100 ridings, says Innovative Research president Greg Lyle.

Turkish offensive should pressure feds to act on repatriation of Canadian citizens in Kurdish-controlled ISIS detention camps, says expert

News|By Neil Moss
The issue of repatriation will be less politically fraught after the election, says expert.

Business tops experience among 2019 candidates, one-third have run for office before

Here’s an analysis of the record 1,700-plus candidates running for the six major parties this election.

Pod save us all: the growing role of political podcasts in election 2019

News|By Mike Lapointe
The Hill Times spoke with some podcast hosts taking a deeper dive into the political nitty-gritty, within a medium that only continues to grow in popularity.

No-shows from Conservative candidate could hurt party’s chances in tight Kanata-Carleton race, say politicos

News|By Palak Mangat
The Conservative's candidate, Justin McCaffrey, has skipped two events, including a debate on the environment, intended to feature all candidates.

For whom will the bell toll in Peterborough-Kawartha?

In a riding where voters are deeply engaged in the political process, candidates avoid the low-hanging fruit and stay out of the mud as they grapple with who to send to the House of Commons.
Your group subscription includes premium access to Politics This Morning briefing.