Andrew Scheer’s personality may have contributed to the failure of the Conservatives to win a majority, but their real problem was an unwillingness to risk offending their base supporters by presenting a credible and responsible plan for the social and economic development of the whole country, while effectively addressing climate change.
The Liberals have delivered on their promise that a significant short-term increase in the deficit and a resulting modest rise in the net debt to GDP ratio would result in major improvements in full-time job creation.
Drawing on youthful audacity and precocious political skills, Riel by his mid-20s, had achieved the remarkable feat of bringing the Red River settlements of the Hudson’s Bay Company into Confederation as a province.
The British Columbia and Quebec governments are currently threatening to use provincial regulatory powers to prevent the construction of inter-provincial energy pipelines across their borders to the East and West coasts. This resistance to national infrastructure projects and reluctance to promote the free flow of goods and services between the provinces and territories would have shocked and disappointed the Fathers of Confederation, particularly the minister of finance for the then Province of Canada, Alexander Tilloch Galt of Sherbrooke.
While George Brown’s personal life worked out as happily as he could have wished, the Canadian federalism he parented took a turn neither he, John A. Macdonald or George-Étienne Cartier had anticipated. As in the domestic sphere, even successful political marriages have unexpected surprises.
In short, whereas in the 1990s governments of all political stripes had cut important benefits to the poor and the bottom half of the income distribution, after 2000 they substantially increased them. Moreover, they delivered a larger share of those benefits in the form of income-tested refundable tax credits.
Between 1990 and 2000, market and disposable income inequality rose significantly, poverty rates rose or remained stable for persons under age 65, the real incomes of the poorest 10 per cent fell, and the only large gains in real incomes were experienced by the richest 10 per cent of households.
Although U.K. voters voted to leave the EU on June 23 by the narrow margin of 51.9 per cent to 48.1 per cent that result is not legally binding. To implement that decision the British government must invoke Article 50 of the 2009 EU Lisbon Treaty.