The British Columbia and Quebec governments are currently threatening to use provincial regulatory powers to prevent the construction of inter-provincial energy pipelines across their borders to the East and West coasts. This resistance to national infrastructure projects and reluctance to promote the free flow of goods and services between the provinces and territories would have shocked and disappointed the Fathers of Confederation, particularly the minister of finance for the then Province of Canada, Alexander Tilloch Galt of Sherbrooke.
While George Brown’s personal life worked out as happily as he could have wished, the Canadian federalism he parented took a turn neither he, John A. Macdonald or George-Étienne Cartier had anticipated. As in the domestic sphere, even successful political marriages have unexpected surprises.
Too often we have warred against each other on the basis of race and religion. Too often we have attempted to impose cultural uniformity on indigenous Canadians.
Get informed, get engaged, and make your community a better place for neighbours in need.
It is important to avoid structuring income-support programs in such a way that they provide a disincentive to taking low-paying jobs.
In short, whereas in the 1990s governments of all political stripes had cut important benefits to the poor and the bottom half of the income distribution, after 2000 they substantially increased them. Moreover, they delivered a larger share of those benefits in the form of income-tested refundable tax credits.
Between 1990 and 2000, market and disposable income inequality rose significantly, poverty rates rose or remained stable for persons under age 65, the real incomes of the poorest 10 per cent fell, and the only large gains in real incomes were experienced by the richest 10 per cent of households.