But gestures, even apologies from a pontiff who has repeatedly demonstrated his genuine compassion for the brutal treatment of Indigenous people in other countries, will always have a material side if they are real. That part has to do with making good on promises to assist Indigenous communities and to help rebuild crumbling or non-existent infrastructure.
Despite racism and intolerance, Canada can become what David Pfrimmer describes as a meeting place where there is 'greater freedom to be more provocative and prophetic in its justice seeking, peace building and ecological initiatives.'
What makes a good war memorial? Is it simply an admonition to go to war 'Never Again,' or can we the pay the peace message forward in some way that will actually stop us from slaughtering yet another generation?
Canadaâ€™s leaders must know that the resentments that led to the Trump victory are also present here. How we deal with them will be a test for the Trudeau government, a test we canâ€™t afford to fail.