One wonders whether the architects of the Constitution Act, 1982, had any premonition of what the interaction among the royal proclamation, the Constitution Act, the Charter, and the original BNA Act would lead to in the hands of the legal system and, in particular, the Supreme Court of Canada. By any definition, the results, as they relate to aboriginal rights and land title claims, have been truly remarkable. While these achievements are in the first instance due to the perseverance and creativity of the First Nations themselves, it is also the case that achieving these goals was aided and abetted by outside forces. For example, on the international front there is the 25-year evolution in the United Nations from the 1982 Working Group on Indigenous Populations through to the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
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